The Mediating Effects of Personality on COVID-19 Anxiety and Rumination 

Christian Sandoval, Kali Lilienthal and Dr. Roberto Bueno 


The purpose of this non-experimental study (N=228) was to explore the relationship between the big five personality traits, general anxiety, COVID-19 Anxiety, and rumination. An online questionnaire consisting of 4 scales was administered to undergraduate students. Scales assessed participant’s personality traits, general anxiety, COVID-19 Anxiety, and rumination. Hypotheses were tested using Hayes Process Macro (2020). All four of the hypotheses were partially supported. Results indicated that the personality traits of extraversion and neuroticism had a significant influence on rumination and that relationship was either mediated by COVID-19 Anxiety and moderated by general anxiety. Findings also indicated a link between COVID-19 Anxiety and general anxiety on rumination. As a majority of colleges and universities are returning to in person learning, services and events, stressors may be a contributor to the high rates of psychological services colleges campus may have in the beginning months. This study was able to examine and test the effects personality had on rumination while presenting anxiety caused by COVID-19. Thus, it is highly recommended for additional psychological interventions while coping for in person return.


Session 3 – 4:30p.m. – 5:45p.m.

Room D – Sierra 2422

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